The Hemingway Letters Project


Images of the volumes of the Letter Project


The Hemingway Letters Project is producing a comprehensive scholarly edition of the author's some 6,000 letters, approximately 85 percent of them never before published. The edition is being published by Cambridge University Press in a projected seventeen volumes.  The project is authorized by the Ernest Hemingway Foundation/Society and the Hemingway Foreign Rights Trust, holders, respectively, of the U.S. and international rights to the letters. We are particularly grateful to Patrick Hemingway, who originally conceived of a complete scholarly edition of his father's letters and who has been most generous and supportive of this effort.

(Video: Introduction to the Letters Project with commentary by Sandra Spanier and Patrick Hemingway)

The Hemingway Letters Project has been made possible in part by major grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities: Scholarly Editions. Most recently the Letters Project was awarded a Scholarly Editions grant for 2021-2024 with special designation from the "A More Perfect Union" initiative, commemorating the 250th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence in 2026 through "projects that explore, reflect on, and tell the stories of our quest for a more just, inclusive, and sustainable society throughout our history." The initiative especially encourages documentary editing projects “that make significant texts available to a wide audience.” The Letters Project is currently a featured "NEH for All" project for the state of Pennsylvania, and was previously a designated "We, the People" project, “a special recognition by the NEH for model projects that advance the study, teaching, and understanding of American history and culture.” 

Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in these volumes, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

(Video: Sandra Spanier interviews Patrick Hemingway):



Volume 1 (1907-1922) launched the series in September 2011 to widespread popular and critical attention; it is edited by Sandra Spanier and Robert W. Trogdon, with associate volume editors Albert J. DeFazio III, Miriam B. Mandel, and Kenneth B. Panda, and volume advisory editor J. Gerald Kennedy.  Linda Patterson Miller contributed a Foreword.  

Volume 2 (1923-1925) was published in October 2013, edited by Sandra Spanier, Albert J. DeFazio III, and Robert W. Trogdon, with associate volume editors Miriam Mandel and Rena Sanderson.  Volume advisory editor J. Gerald Kennedy contributed an Introduction to the volume.

Volume 3 (1926-April 1929)  was published in October 2015, edited by Rena Sanderson, Sandra Spanier, and Robert W. Trogdon, with volume advisory editors J. Gerald Kennedy and Rodger L. Tarr.

Volume 4 (April 1929-1931) was published in November 2017, edited by Sandra Spanier and Miriam B. Mandel, with associate volume editors Rena Sanderson and Albert J. DeFazio III.  Scott Donaldson contributed an Introduction to the volume. 

Volume 5 (1932-May 1934) was published in June 2020, edited by Sandra Spanier and Miriam B. Mandel, with associate volume editors Krista Quesenberry, Verna Kale, and  Albert J. DeFazio III.

Volume 6 (June 1934-June 1936) was published in May 2024, edited by Sandra Spanier, Verna Kale, and Miriam B. Mandel, with associate volume editor Ross K. Tangedal.  This volume also includes an Appendix of Earlier Letters, letters that have come to light after the publication of the volumes in which they would have appeared. 

For the latest updates, visit

The project is progressing in close consultation with a distinguished Editorial Advisory Board, headed by Linda Patterson Miller and including Jackson R. Bryer, Debra Moddelmog, Robert W. Trogdon and James L. W. West III.  An international team of scholars serves in a variety of roles, including as editors of individual volumes and as expert consultants.  We also have called upon the local expertise and specialized knowledge of numerous other Hemingway scholars and aficionados.

Because Hemingway's letters are widely dispersed and he did not routinely keep copies, a major challenge has been to track down and obtain copies of the extant letters.  To date we have gathered copies of letters from some 250 sources in the United States and abroad:  more than 70 libraries and institutional archives, and scores of dealers, private collectors, Hemingway correspondents, and their descendants.  The largest repository, the Hemingway Collection of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, has generously donated copies of its entire holdings of some 2,500 outgoing letters.  

As we aim to make this edition as complete as possible, we greatly appreciate any information that would assist our efforts to locate letters in private hands or in other collections that we might otherwise overlook, particularly those outside the United States. We are seeking only copies of letters and gladly will reimburse owners for scanning or copying and mailing expenses. Many individuals and institutions around the world have kindly shared photocopies or scans of their letters for our master archive.  Contributors will be gratefully acknowledged in the published volumes, unless they prefer to remain anonymous.

The project is headquartered at The Pennsylvania State University.  Our staff includes Associate Editor Verna Kale, Assistant Editor Jeanne Alexander, and Editorial Associate David Eggert.  Other personnel include graduate research assistants Daniela Farkas, Yafang Luo, and Chelsea Parker. We appreciate the contributions of former postdoctoral research and editorial associates and research assistants, most recently Katie Warczak, as well as undergraduate interns who assist in special assignments and daily operations.

In addition to the crucial institutional support provided by Penn State University, we are also most grateful for the support of individual donors and for gifts and grants from AT&T Mobility, the Heinz Endowments, the Michigan Hemingway Society, the Dr. Bernard S. and Ann Re Oldsey Endowment for the Study of American Literature in the College of the Liberal Arts at Penn State, and the Xerox Corporation, which has contributed copying, printing, and scanning equipment as well as a DocuShare database management system that has been customized for our needs. 

Many already have been most generous with their time, expertise, and financial support, as well as with Hemingway treasures in their possession. We are grateful to all who have been and will be contributing to this exciting and historic effort. Please be in touch with questions, suggestions, and leads.

Sandra Spanier
Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of English and
General Editor, Hemingway Letters Project
The Pennsylvania State University
430 Burrowes Building
University Park, PA 16802
phone: 814-865-1879



Volume 1 (1907-1922)

A literary treasure trove . . . Where Hemingway’s published works had all been so deliberate and painstakingly chiseled, his letters were free-form and expansive—unsanded and unvarnished. . . . His letters may prove to be the most honest log of Hemingway’s fascinating life-voyage, the truest sentences he ever wrote. . . . Their value cannot be overstated.                                                           

- A. Scott Berg, Vanity Fair

“The Letters” is without question a spectacular scholarly achievement. 

- Arthur Phillips, New York Times Book Review

This Cambridge edition of all of Hemingway’s known letters is as elegant and proper a solution as one could wish to a daunting challenge:  how to make this treasure available to all interested scholars and readers for generations to come.  I think that Papa Hemingway would be pleased. His favorite dictum seems most fitting on this splendid occasion: “Il faut, d’abord, durer.” (“First of all, one must endure”; or as my Dad translated it with supreme economy:  “First: last.”)  Along with his books, Hemingway’s most personal thoughts and expressions will now endure beyond his wildest dreams.                    

- Charles Scribner III

This first, magnificently edited a work of true literary scholarship.

- Caroline Moorehead, Literary Review

Those familiar with the gruff, humorless, and word-chary sportsman of popular legend will be surprised to find a charming and compulsive correspondent whose garrulous voice works irresistible magic on the English language.

- Publishers Weekly, Starred Review


Volume 2 (1923-1925)

This essential volume, beautifully presented and annotated with tremendous care and extraordinary attention to detail, offers readers a Hemingway who is both familiar and new.

Sarah Graham, Times Literary Supplement

This expertly edited and annotated volume will be devoured by fans eager to learn how the literary titan came into his own.

- Publishers Weekly

The newly published letters are bracingly energetic and readable, and they add depth and detail to the already vast biographical record of Hemingway’s early years.

- Edward Mendelsohn, New York Review of Books

Roughly written as they are it is fascinating to watch the private rehearsal of what would become public performances.

- Daily Telegraph


Volume 3 (1926-1929)

The publication of Ernest Hemingway’s complete correspondence is shaping up to be an astonishing scholarly achievement. . . .  Meticulously edited, with shrewd introductory summaries and footnotes tracking down every reference, the series brings into sharp focus this contradictory, alternately smart and stupid, blustering, fragile man who was also a giant of modern literature.

- Phillip Lopate, Times Literary Supplement

Reading Hemingway's letters is to go back in time by stepping into the fascinating world of a revolutionary wordsmith; a voyage through decades to the very moments when literature was taking a sudden bend in the road . . . Indeed, the value of these letters cannot be overstated.

-Nick Mafi, Esquire

The project gets us closer to Hemingway’s life than any work of biography or criticism has in the last six decades. . . . Scholars will be deeply absorbed; general readers will find enjoyment and enlightenment”

-Steve Paul, Booklist

Volume 3 (1926-1929) is another stellar contribution to a series of grand scope and vision, executed with rigorous professionalism, and resulting in a deeply satisfying volume for the reader and an unsurpassable resource for the scholar.

-James McNamara, Australian Book Review 


Volume 4 (1929-1931)

"[A] windfall for Hemingway fans, but also for those trying to understand the daily working  life of a major writer [...] Editors Sandra Spanier and Miriam B. Mandel are comprehensive and meticulous in their approach--the book is peppered with contextual footnotes that moor the letters--and the result is real insight into a stubborn, driven, accomplished writer."  

-Nick Ripatrazone, The Millions

"The project is a remarkable feat of scholarly endeavour [...] The sheer fun of this series is that it seats the reader right in Papa's chair" 

-NJ McGarrigle,The Irish Times


Volume 5 (1932-1934)

"A worthy addition to the ongoing effort to publish all of Hemingway's letters, this volume will be welcomed by scholars, students, and general readers with a more than casual interest in the man and his work.

-William Gargan, Library Journal

"Suffice it to say, this instalment of Hemingway's letters gives readers everything they would expect and more [...] Cambridge and the editors have produced a 'damned good', magisterial work on one of the most complicated and skilful writers in English, and scholars and book lovers will eagerly await the twelve or more volumes to come."

-Austin Long, The Review of English Studies


Advance Praise for Volume 6 (1934-1936)

‘This latest installment of the monumental Hemingway Letters project is pure gold. This volume is a fascinating window into a pivotal time in his life, which we all but live alongside him as it unfolds. His fierce passion for fishing, the brewing war in Spain, his complicated relationships with other writers and friends – it all comes vividly alive in his own inimitable words.'

- ​Lynn Novick, Co-Director/Producer of PBS Docuseries HEMINGWAY